(ilahi anta maksudi wa ridhoka mathlubi a’tini mahabbataka wa ma’rifataka)
اللهم صل وسلم على سيدنا محمد الحبيب العالي القدر العظيم الجاه وعلى آله وصحبه ومن والاه
click this link to get this article Conservation of Kiyangan Indigenous Forest Based on Local Wisdom as a Solution to Reduce the Global Climate Change
Global climate change has a real impact for all aspects of community life in Indonesia, ranging from decreased yields apple, chili, until the decline in the catch of fishermen. One cause of the increase in global climate change is global warming caused by increased Corbon dioxide (CO2) in the air. Forest as a place of life of various types of trees have an important role for environmental change. Indigenous forests are managed by using the knowledge society About a local wisdom capable of waking the preservation of indigenous forests. Trees that thrive will be able to absorb CO2 in the air so as to reduce the impact of global warming.
Global warming caused by the increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH), or more commonly known as greenhouse gases implicated in global climate change. Surely the global climate change, make a real impact in all sector in Indonesia
The impact of global climate change are felt in the sector of agriculture, a study reported by Ariyanto (2010) explained that the volume of rainfall in May greatly affect the productivity of green beans that were planted in the growing season to two in the dry land Pati regency. In line with the report, Maulidah et al (2012) also reported the impact of climate change on the decline in production and farm income Cayenne pepper at Malang. In line with these opinions, Rahayu and Mahandoyo (2014) describes the elements of the climate which includes temperature, rainfall and humidity simultaneously contribute significantly to the productivity of the apple crop
In addition to agriculture, climate change also affect the sector of water, as the report Susandi et al (2008), which projects a sea level rise in Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan in the next few years as a result of global climate change, and according to Hukom et al (2012) global climate change impact on changes in the volume of water availability in irrigation Way Mital Maluku Province. While Parura et al ( 2012) mentions that the current climate change has occurred indirect impact on fishing activities in the village of River snapper, fishing decreased catches from 2009-2012 amounted to 3316.7 tons.
Based on the study above, the impact of climate change slowly but surely in the various sectors in Indonesia. If global warming is not stopped then the world climate change will continue to occur.
Indonesia is a country that is traversed by the equator, it resulted in the diversity of species of flora and fauna that inhabit the forests of Indonesia. The diversity of flora for example, commonly used wisely by the local population as food, clothing, shelter, or as a traditional medicine.
If the preservation of forests is not maintained then it will have a significant effect to all elements of life. For example, if the forest trees felled illegally (illegal logging) it will result in loss of habitat for the forest dwellers. The birds will lose the shelter, and also the monkeys would lose a limb to dangle.
Deforested course will affect the absorption of carbon dioxide in the environment, resulting greenhouse effect increasingly felt the impact. Not only that, if forest lost its trees, the local people would lose their source of water that will have an impact on public health conditions.
Indigenous Kiyangan forests located in the Rambitan village, Central Lombok regency. This forest still maintained continuity, because the local communities use their Costumary rules on the forest. The rules forbid for anyone to pick up all sorts of plants in the forest is either alive or dead. If violated, will be subject to the customary form of exclusion from society. Besides the local community also has a tradition for religious visit to the indigenous forests. They previously had promised to visit the indigenous forest of Kiyangan (if they recover from an illness or for any other specific purpose).
Figure above is a photo kiyangan indigenous forests. It seems clear the forest to be preserved, its trees looks lush. It looks different from the forests managed by the government. Although the use of a clear legal and protected by law, but it does not provide assurance that forest sustainability maintained.
The government forest located just in front of the indigenous Kiyangan forest. Although located in the same location but the obvious difference. This fenomen is caused by differences in the laws governing how to cut down trees. This indicates that the local community is more afraid of breaking traditional rules than having to deal with government regulations.
Based on the discussion and explanation above, Local wisdom around the area of indigenous forest were able to preserve the indigenous forest, so the trees become fertile. With so many trees that grow resulting O2 is able to absorb CO2 is abundant and dispersed in the air so as to reduce the impact of global warming. Thus, forest conservation using local wisdom approach as a solution to reduce the impact of global climate change.
Wallahul Muwafiq Ilaa Aqwa Mithariq
Semarang, 1st October 2015
M. Teguh A Diantaris
- Ariyanto, E.S. 2010. Kajian Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Produktivitas Kacang Hijau (Phoseolus radiatus L.) di Lahan Kering. Laporan Penelitian. Universitas Kudus: Fakultas Pertanian.
- Hukom, E., Limantara, M.L., & Andawayanti, U. 2012. Pengaruh Perubahan Iklim terhadap Optimasi Ketersediaan Air di Irigasi Way Mital Propinsi Maluku. Jurnal Teknik Pengairan. 3(1): 24-32
- Maulidah, S., Santoso, H., Subagyo, H., & Rifqiyyah, Q. 2012 Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Produksi dan Pendapatan Usaha Tani Cabai Rawit (Studi Kasus di Desa Bulupasar, Kecamatan Pagu, kabupaten Kediri). Sepa. 8(2): 51-182
- Parura, T.C.P., kartini, erni yuniarti (2012). Analisis Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Tingkat Kesejahteraan Nelayan di Desa Sungai Kakap Kabupaten Kubun Raya. Laporan Penelitian. Universitas Tanjungpura: Fakultas Teknik
- Rahaju, J., & Muhandoyo. 2014. Dampak Perubahan Iklim Terhadap Usaha Apel di Kecamatan Poncokusumo Kabupaten Malang. Laporan Penelitian. Universitas Wisnuwardhana: Fakultas Pertanian.
- Suswandi, A., Herlianti, I., & Tamamadin, M. 2008. Dampak Perubahan terhadap Ketinggian Muka Laut di Wilayah Banjarmasin. Jurnal Ekonomi Lingkungan. 12(2)